1. Transportation:

- The movement of goods, people, or materials from one location to another.


  1. Mode of Transportation:

- The specific method used for transporting goods or people, such as road, rail, air, sea, or pipeline.


  1. Carrier:

- A company or individual that provides transportation services, such as a shipping line, airline, trucking company, or railroad.


  1. Freight:

- Goods or cargo being transported from one place to another.


  1. Logistics:

- The management of the flow of goods, services, and information between the point of origin and the point of consumption to meet customer requirements.


  1. Supply Chain:

- The network of organizations, resources, activities, and processes involved in the creation and delivery of products or services to end customers.


  1. Shipment:

- A load of goods or cargo being transported together as a unit.


  1. Container:

- A standardized, reusable metal or plastic box used for transporting goods by multiple modes of transportation, such as shipping containers or intermodal containers.


  1. Bill of Lading (B/L):

- A legal document issued by the carrier to the shipper as evidence of receipt of goods for shipment and a contract of carriage.


  1. Freight Forwarder:

- A company that facilitates the movement of goods on behalf of shippers, handling tasks such as documentation, customs clearance, and coordination with carriers.


  1. Customs Clearance:

- The process of complying with customs regulations and obtaining the necessary approvals and documentation for the import or export of goods.


  1. Terminal:

- A facility where goods are loaded, unloaded, and transferred between different modes of transportation, such as ports, airports, or rail terminals.


  1. Intermodal Transportation:

- The use of multiple modes of transportation, such as road, rail, and sea, to transport goods from origin to destination using standardized containers or trailers.


  1. Transshipment:

- The transfer of goods from one transportation vehicle or mode to another during the course of a single journey.


  1. Last Mile Delivery:

- The final stage of the delivery process, typically from a distribution center or transportation hub to the end customer's location.


  1. Freight Rate:

- The price charged for the transportation of goods, usually calculated based on factors such as distance, weight, volume, and mode of transportation.


  1. Carrier Liability:

- The legal responsibility of a carrier for the safe and timely delivery of goods in accordance with the terms of the transportation contract.


  1. Load Factor:

- The percentage of available cargo space that is utilized in a transportation vehicle, such as a truck, ship, or aircraft.


  1. Fuel Surcharge:

- An additional charge imposed on transportation services to compensate for fluctuations in fuel prices.


  1. Traffic Congestion:

- The excessive accumulation of vehicles or delays in the movement of goods and people due to traffic volume or infrastructure limitations.


This glossary provides an extensive list of terms related to transport. It can serve as a reference guide for professionals and individuals involved in transportation and logistics activities.