1. Maritime Transport:

- The transportation of goods or passengers by sea using ships or vessels.


  1. Ship:

- A large seafaring vessel designed for transporting goods, passengers, or both.


  1. Port:

- A facility or location where ships can load, unload, and dock to exchange cargo or passengers.


  1. Port Terminal:

- A specialized area within a port equipped with infrastructure and facilities for handling cargo, including containers, bulk goods, or liquid products.


  1. Shipping Line:

- A company that operates vessels for the transportation of cargo or passengers on established routes and schedules.


  1. Chartering:

- The process of hiring or leasing a ship, either wholly or partially, for a specific voyage or period.


  1. Container:

- A standardized, reusable metal or plastic box used for transporting goods by multiple modes of transportation, such as shipping containers or intermodal containers.


  1. TEU (Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit):

- A unit of measurement used in container shipping to denote the capacity of a container vessel or the number of containers.


  1. Bill of Lading (B/L):

- A legal document issued by the carrier to the shipper as evidence of receipt of goods for shipment and a contract of carriage.


  1. Freight Forwarder:

- A company that facilitates the movement of goods on behalf of shippers, handling tasks such as documentation, customs clearance, and coordination with carriers.


  1. Port Authority:

- A government or quasi-governmental agency responsible for the administration and management of ports, including maintaining infrastructure, regulating operations, and ensuring safety.


  1. Container Terminal:

- A specialized facility within a port for handling the loading, unloading, and storage of shipping containers.


  1. Stevedore:

- A person or company responsible for loading and unloading cargo from ships in port.


  1. Demurrage:

- The charges levied on the shipper or consignee for the delay in returning or unloading containers beyond the agreed-upon timeframe.


  1. Port Congestion:

- The excessive accumulation of ships, delays, or disruptions in the movement of goods and vessels at a port due to various factors, such as high traffic or operational inefficiencies.


  1. Liner Service:

- Regularly scheduled shipping service on specific routes, operated by shipping lines to transport goods between designated ports.


  1. Maritime Law:

- The body of legal rules and regulations governing maritime activities, including shipping, navigation, cargo handling, and liability.


  1. Vessel Manifest:

- A document that lists all the cargo, passengers, and other details pertaining to a specific ship's voyage.


  1. Dry Bulk Cargo:

- Commodities such as coal, grain, iron ore, or cement that are transported in large quantities without packaging, typically using specialized bulk carriers.


  1. Reefer Container:

- A refrigerated shipping container designed for transporting perishable goods that require temperature-controlled storage.


This glossary provides an extensive list of terms related to maritime transport. It can serve as a reference guide for professionals and individuals involved in the shipping and logistics industry.